Hobbes, Thomas

(1588–1679)
   Philosopher.
   Hobbes was educated at the University of Oxford, England, and acted as tutor to the Cavendish family.
   He spent the years 1640–51 in exile in France where he was the tutor of Charles, Prince of Wales, son of the beheaded charles i. When he returned to England he submitted to Parliamentary rule, although in 1666, after the Restoration, his great work of political philosophy, The Leviathan, was censured in the House of Commons. Hobbes is remembered for his description of natural human life as ‘solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short’. He argued that if men did not contract to band together under an absolute sovereign, things would be intolerable. The book succeeded in offending both those who believed in the divine right of kings and those who maintained the right of human liberty. It was regarded as atheistic and immoral. Later, in his Questions Concerning Liberty, Necessity and Chance, he insisted that human beings are bound by a psychological determinism and he must be regarded as the first philosopher to base a theory of conduct on natural science and observed phenomena rather than on abstract principles.
   D. Baumgold, Hobbes’s Political Theory (1988);
   D. Boonin-Vail, Thomas Hobbes and the Science of Moral Virtue (1994);
   A. Green, Hobbes and Human Nature (1993).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • HOBBES Thomas — Anglus, Thucydidem Anglice vertit, A. C. 1628. eo fine, ut ineptias Democraticorum Atheniensum civibus suis patefaceret. Euclidis dein methodo delectatus, in illo evolvendo diligentissime versatus est. Post quae, dum moratetur Parisiis, Scientiae …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hobbes, Thomas — born April 5, 1588, Westport, Wiltshire, Eng. died Dec. 4, 1679, Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire English philosopher and political theorist. The son of a vicar who abandoned his family, Hobbes was raised by his uncle. After graduating from the… …   Universalium

  • Hobbes,Thomas — Hobbes (hŏbz), Thomas. 1588 1679. English philosopher and political theorist best known for his book Leviathan (1651), in which he argues that the only way to secure civil society is through universal submission to the absolute authority of a… …   Universalium

  • Hobbes, Thomas — (1588–1679) English philosopher, mathematician, and linguist. Hobbes was born of an impoverished clerical family in Malmesbury, Wiltshire. He was fond of the joke that his mother fell into labour with him on hearing the rumour of the Spanish… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Hobbes, Thomas — (1588 1679)    Hobbes traced his life long fear of disorder to his premature birth when his mother heard of the advance of the Spanish Armada. This fear of disorder exhibits itself not only in the subject matter of Hobbes s books, in particular… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Hobbes, Thomas — (1588 1679) An English philosopher and social theorist of the Enlightenment. Hobbes s most influential writings in political philosophy span the period of the English Civil War, and are widely interpreted as an intellectual response to the… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Hobbes, Thomas — ► (1588 1679) Filósofo inglés, discípulo de Bacon. En su segundo viaje al continente (1629 1631) conoció los Elementos de Euclides, que le llenaron de entusiasmo y fijaron la orientación matematizante de su pensamiento. En su tercer viaje,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hobbes, Thomas — See Seventeenth century materialism …   History of philosophy

  • HOBBES, THOMAS —    an English philosopher, psychologist, and moralist, born at Malmesbury; was educated at Oxford; connected all his days with the Cavendish family, with members of which he travelled on the Continent, and was on friendly terms with Charles II.,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hobbes, Thomas —  (1588–1679) English philosopher …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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